أيمن عقيل "رئيس مؤسسة ماعت"
MAAT calls for placing and implementing national plans to combat poverty and develop education
Wrote: Karem Yousef
On 20th November 2016, the world celebrates the Universal Children’s Day, aiming at promoting children rights and welfare around the world, along with creating an adequate environment for the children living, and protecting them from all kinds of violence and discrimination, concurrently with the United Nations adoption of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, ratified by Egypt with other relative conventions and treaties including the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child and the ILO Convention No. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, which calls for the state commitment to the those conventions as part of its international commitments, especially when relative recommendations to the promotion and protection of family and child rights, ensuring the right to education, guaranteeing the right to economic development and eliminating illegal migration were presented to Egypt during the Universal Periodic Review’s second cycle in November 2014
In this context, Egypt is still in the lead concerning child labor rates, according to the International Labour Organization, and based on an issued report for the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics in 2013, 2.2 million children were estimated as part of the work force in Egypt, mostly in threatening professions to the children’s safety and life, as well as resulting in the children’s subjection to different forms of violence, abuse, exploitation and mistreatment
On the other side, school dropout rates especially in the rural and poorest areas reached record levels due to the children’s engagement in the labour market, high poverty rates, shortage of humane transportation from and to schools, and early marriage, impacting the child rights fulfillment directly
In Egypt, the children also face other forms of exploitation including using them in illegal migration, begging, early marriage, female genital mutilation, domestic violence and other forms of practices forbidden by the international law and violating the Child Law and Egyptian Constitution
In this context, and on the occasion of the Universal Children’s Day, MAAT calls the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood, as the national entity entitled to guarantee the children rights promotion, to put and follow-up the implementation of national plans aiming at finding final and permanent solutions to the issues facing the fulfillment of children and family rights, especially via contributing in the law enforcement along with putting Egypt’s international obligations in mind during the discussion and adoption of relative legislations, public policies and development plans o guarantee their fulfillment, MAAT also calls for the creation and implementation of a group of alternatives to contribute in minimizing he children sufferance including the adoption of Distance Learning and expansion in the implementation of the one-class-school